Is Negative SEO Illegal?

Rudra Dev
June 15, 2023
7 Minute
is negative seo illegal
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In the digital landscape, there's a dark underbelly that many are unaware of - negative SEO. This nefarious practice can have devastating effects on your website's visibility and ranking, but is it against the law? And, more importantly, how can you safeguard your online presence from its potential harm?

Delving into the Realm of Negative SEO

Negative SEO, a menacing reality in the online world, is all about sabotaging a website's ranking using dubious tactics, primarily associated with black-hat SEO techniques. It's a worrying trend, as a growing number of digital marketers, who heavily rely on their Google rankings to attract potential clients, need to invest in effective on-page SEO services to safeguard against the legitimate threat of negative SEO and maintain their organic traffic from Google.

The Intricacies of False Link Removal Requests

Among the numerous negative SEO strategies, fraudulent link removal requests hold a prominent position. The process involves an online marketer attempting to eliminate a rival's backlinks by filing a false DMCA claim. Fortunately, the attacked site can combat this by filing a counter-notice asserting no copyright laws have been infringed, leading to the restoration of the backlinks.

Regrettably, some culprits take this further, forging branded email addresses to contact high-quality backlink sources, requesting the removal of well-deserved links.

Black-Hat Forum Spam: A Common Negative SEO Tactic

Another common form of negative SEO is the spamming of links on black-hat forums related to your niche. For instance, if you operate a website dedicated to antique sports cars, you might find yourself targeted on black-hat forums where individuals attempt to promote their products by posting links to your site. As these links are artificial, their intent is to incur penalties or at least lower your rankings.

Duplicating Content: A Grey Area in Negative SEO

Content duplication is another prevalent negative SEO tactic. While there's no law against publishing duplicate content, Google may downgrade your website if it outperforms you with identical content. Google follows a very strict policy when it comes to punishing unethical SEO, and as such, duplicate content, while not outright illegal, can often times get you in trouble. So it's best to go for quality over quantity, and maintain a good standard of quality in the content you publish on your website.

Identifying Negative SEO and Spam Links: The Tools You Need

Unfortunately, there isn't a one-size-fits-all solution to detect a typical negative SEO attack. However, there are several tools available to conduct basic checks and audits on your website.

Google Search Console

Formerly known as Google Webmaster Tools, Google Search Console is a free tool provided by Google that enables you to monitor your site's search traffic and performance.


Ahrefs is a comprehensive SEO tool that provides extensive data on both your organic and paid traffic, including the number of backlinks pointing to your site.


SEMRush is another SEO tool designed to assist search marketers with organic and PPC research, keyword tracking, and competitor analysis. It features a handy function called the Toxic Backlink Audit tool (or Backlink Audit tool), which aids in detecting harmful backlinks.

Screaming Frog

Screaming Frog is an SEO tool designed to analyze a website's structure and is highly effective in identifying spammy links.

Google Analytics

While not strictly an SEO tool, Google Analytics is a valuable resource for monitoring the organic traffic and landing pages your website is attracting.

Shielding Your Website from Negative SEO

There are several pragmatic steps that you can take to protect your website from negative SEO.

Embrace White Hat Link Building

White hat link building, which involves acquiring links without violating Google's guidelines, is crucial for your website's long-term survival. Obtaining high-quality backlinks is an arduous process, but the rewards are indeed worth the effort. Building enduring relationships within your niche and collaborating is more beneficial than purchasing links.

Regular Backlink Profile Audits and Backlink Alerts

As part of SEO best practices, you should monitor your backlink profile weekly and set up backlink alerts to keep an eye out for spammy links. When faced with a negative SEO attack, swift action is crucial to prevent a loss of website rankings.

Maintain Good Relationships Within Your Niche

Being friendly to your competitors is another effective strategy. Fostering positive relationships within your niche and developing a reputation as a congenial site owner who focuses on their business can help protect you from negative SEO attacks.

Addressing Negative SEO

Submit a Reconsideration Request with Google Webmaster Tools

If your site has been penalized by Google, your first step should be to submit a reconsideration request with Google Webmaster Tools.

Identify Spammy Links

You can use Bing's courtesy report to identify any negative SEO occurrences.

Disavow with Google

If you've identified harmful links, you can ask Google to disregard them, a process known as disavowing.

Is Negative SEO Illegal? A Legal Perspective

Negative SEO is a contentious topic in online marketing and legal circles alike. However, due to its ambiguous nature, it does not fall under the purview of a specific criminal offense.

The Computer Misuse Act

The Computer Misuse Act is one of the most applicable pieces of legislation used to prosecute such behavior.

While negative SEO is not illegal, it's highly unethical and something that Google will not tolerate. As such, it's best for website owners to protect their sites from negative SEO attacks to avoid unwarranted penalties.

Google's Webmaster Guidelines

Google's Webmaster Guidelines clearly prohibit participation in negative SEO activities. If you've been victimized by negative SEO, your first step should be to submit a reconsideration request with Google Webmaster Tools. If they rule against you, then it's time to take more drastic steps, such as disavowing links.


Negative SEO, while not illegal, is unethical and a potent tool in manipulating Google search rankings. Therefore, regular audits of your backlink profile, setting up backlink alerts, and maintaining good relationships within your niche are essential protective measures. The digital landscape can be a tricky terrain, but with the right knowledge and tools, you can secure your online presence against these dark tactics. If you're looking to boost your online visibility and drive more organic traffic to your website, consider investing in top-notch SEO services Singapore.


Q: Does Negative SEO still work?

Negative SEO refers to the practice of using unethical tactics to harm a competitor's website's search engine rankings. While negative SEO techniques existed in the past, search engines have evolved and become more sophisticated in detecting and mitigating such practices. While it is technically possible to attempt negative SEO tactics, the effectiveness has significantly diminished over time due to search engines' improved algorithms and penalties. 

Q: Is Negative SEO Illegal?

Negative SEO tactics can involve engaging in activities that are against search engine guidelines, which can potentially be seen as illegal or unethical. However, the legality of negative SEO may vary based on the specific actions taken and the jurisdiction involved. It is essential to note that engaging in malicious activities, such as hacking or spreading malware, is illegal and can lead to severe legal consequences. 

Q: What Happens if you use illegal tactics for SEO?

Using illegal tactics for SEO can have severe consequences. Search engines actively penalize websites that engage in spammy, deceptive, or black-hat techniques. Penalties can include a drop in search rankings, loss of organic traffic, and even complete removal from search engine indexes. Additionally, legal ramifications may arise if the illegal tactics involve activities such as hacking, copyright infringement, or defamation.

Q: What negatively affects SEO?

Several factors can negatively affect SEO performance, like:  

1. Poor website structure and navigation

2. Thin or low-quality content that lacks relevance, value, or originality.

3. Slow page loading speed

4. Excessive use of irrelevant or manipulative keywords

5. Lack of mobile optimization

To maintain a healthy SEO performance, it is crucial to focus on high-quality content, technical optimization, user experience, and ethical SEO practices.

Learn More: Exploring What is  PR in SEO: Enhancing Your Visibility

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